Course image English: Census Records Including Wales
Basic English Records
Course Summary:

Optional Print Course Material: English: Census Records Including Wales

*Course material will only be sent to students who are registered in the course.

An examination of the history, structure and genealogical research possibilities of the 1801-1911 censuses, as well as the 1939 National Register of England and Wales. Strategies for research, location the records, reading and recording methodology and documentation will be discussed.

 During each module the student will be introduced to an aspect of research, such as terminology, indexes or search methods. There will be a detailed look at some of the censuses. Students will receive in-depth instruction as to the contents and usage of each census. Available websites and indexes with census records will also be discussed. The many pitfalls unnoticed by the unwary will be described.

Upon completion of this course will be fully prepared to utilise this source with confidence.

Course Length: 9 weeks

Contact Hours: 24
Grading Scale: 70% Tests/30% Assignments
Course Length: 9 weeks
Course Content

MODULE 1
INTRODUCTION
Brief History of Census Taking
The Domesday Project
What Are We Looking At?
Websites with Census Records

MODULE 2
WHY USE THE CENSUS?
Census Information Collected
Why Look at Every Available Census?
Census Relationship Definitions
What the Schedule Columns Tell the Researcher
Institutions
Shipping Schedules
Household Unit
Double Entries
Errors
Enumerator’s Path - Why Your Bit of the Road is Not There!
Woes of an Enumerator

MODULE 3
1841-1901 CENSUSES
1841-1901 Censuses Films
Microfilms at the Family History Library
Searching Census Websites
1801-1831 Censuses
1841 Census
Missing Pieces

MODULE 4
STREET INDEXES
Working from a Street Address - Old Series
What is Included in the New Series
Problems with the New Series
Institutions, Pubs and Ships
Working From an Address - New Series
Working from a Piece Number or a Sub-District Name - New Series
Institutions, Pubs & Ships
Names Indexes


MODULE 5
NOMINAL INDEXES
Name (or Nominal) Indexes
How to Use the 1881 Index on Fiche
1851 Census
Missing Pieces
1861 Census
Missing Pieces
Websites with Census Records

MODULE 6
SEARCHING CENSUSES IN MICROFORMS & ONLINE
Types of Website Searches
Other Variant Searches
Exact Searches
Websites with Census Records

MODULE 7
CENSUS MICROFORMS
Census Fiches or Films at the FamilySearch Centers, Archives &
Family History Societies
Reading the Film
Websites with Census Records
Case Study

MODULE 8
RECORDING & DOCUMENTATION
Searching Census Material
Printing/Photocopying the Relevant Material
1911 Census
Valuation Maps
1939 National Registration
Websites with Census Records
FURTHER READING
Course image English: Civil Registration Records Including Wales
Basic English Records
Course Summary:

Optional Print Course Material: English: Civil Registration Records Including Wales

*Course material will only be sent to students who are registered in the course.

Obtaining birth, marriage and death certificates is an essential element of good genealogical research. This course will provide practical details needed to understand the system of civil registration; how to use indexes, both in microform and online, and how to interpret certificates. Numerous examples are used from birth, marriage, death, and overseas certificates to illustrate the care that must be taken when reading the documents and deciphering the information. The course is aimed at those needing a thorough understanding of this original source. Note that it is important to remember that when dealing with information found in England and Wales, vital statistics are not the same as civil registration.

Course Length: 7 weeks
Contact Hours: 18
Grading Scale: 70% Tests/30% Assignments
Course Length: 7 weeks
Course Content

MODULE 1
INTRODUCTION
Civil Registration System
Counties, Districts & Parishes
Birth, Marriage & Death and Christening, Marriage & Burial

MODULE 2
USING INDEXES
Availability of Indexes
Online Indexes
General Register Office
FreeBMD
Other Websites
Understanding Different Editions of the Indexes
The Quarters
Understanding Index Collation
Problems Encountered
How to Transcribe from the Indexes

MODULE 3
EXAMINING BIRTH, MARRIAGE, DEATH & OVERSEAS INDEXES
Birth Indexes
Christened before birth?
Twins & Multiple Births
No Name at Birth
‘Wrong’ Name Registered
Mother’s Maiden Surname
Illegitimate Births
Foundlings
Abandoned Children Register
Adoptions
Stillbirths
First Children in a Family
Marriage Indexes
Prohibited Degrees
Bigamy
Divorce Records
Death Indexes
Overseas Indexes
Unregistered Events
Registered but not on the National Index?
Different Spelling
Not in the Expected Place
Not in the Expected Year, or Range of Years
Transcription Errors on the Indexes
Different Editions of the Indexes
Know the area but no access to indexes?
Just Not There!

MODULE 4
INFORMATION ON A CERTIFICATE & ITS USE
Source of Certificate
Certificates from General Register Offices
Certificates from Local Register Offices
Codes in Top Right-Hand Corner
Semi-Literate or Careless Informant
Birth Certificates
Special Situations
His, Hers & Ours
Siblings’ Certificates
Adoption
Overseas Birth Certificates
Marriage Certificates
Rites & Ceremonies
Authorized Buildings & Persons
Notice of Marriage, or Licence
Register Office Marriage
Persons Conducting & Registering the Ceremony
Signatures of Parties
Signatures of Witnesses
Additions & Corrections
Overseas Marriage Certificates

MODULE 5
INFORMATION ON A CERTIFICATE & ITS USE … Continued
Death Certificates
Overseas Death Certificates
Killing Them Off
Comparison of Death & Burial Information
Welsh Certificates
Isle of Man Certificates
Channel Islands Certificates
Guernsey

MODULE 6
RELIABILITY OF INFORMATION
Have you got the right certificate?
Requesting Wrong Certificate
Errors on Certificates
Incorrect Information Given to Registrar
Incorrectly Recorded by Registrar
Error Corrected Later
Transcription Errors on Certificates
Is civil registration an original source with primary information?
Obtaining A Certificate
Hints for Successful Searches through Register Offices
Guild of One-Name Studies
FreeBMD
Cheshire Index Initiative
Campaign for Historicity
Recommended Reading & Resources
Course image English: Parish Records
Basic English Records
Course Summary:

Optional Print Course Material: English: Parish Registers

*Course material will only be sent to students who are registered in the course.

The course provides a significant overview of what is involved when researching English Parish Records. Given that every person in England was assigned to a particular parish regardless of their religious denomination, it is crucial to develop a greater understanding of how the record keeping system was established and developed. This will greatly enhance your ability in tracking down desired documentation. The course material will cover the main categories of birth, christening, marriage, death and burial; but will also go far beyond to include a variety of other record sources as well. A great deal of emphasis will be placed on examples in order to introduce you to the text and flavour of the contemporary language used in record keeping. Lastly, an ability to find information must be consistent with an ability to organise and make use of that information. To this end, numerous techniques, tips, and ideas will be shared which you can adopt and adapt as you develop your own organization style.

Course Length: 7 weeks
Contact Hours: 21
Grading Scale: 70% Tests/30% Assignments
Course Length: 7 weeks
Course Content

MODULE 1
INTRODUCTION

HISTORICAL CONTEXT
History Affecting Parish Registers
Old Style & New Style
Julian & Gregorian Calendars & the Lost 11 Days
Victorian Population Explosion
History in Action
Royal Events

CHURCH OF ENGLAND PARISH REGISTERS
Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions
Provinces, Dioceses, Archdeaconries & Deaneries
Parishes, Peculiars, Liberties & Extra-Parochial Places
Structure of Records
Spelling
Phonetic Spellings
Handwriting
Latin & Greek
Terminology & Abbreviations
General Registers
Dade Registers
Christenings
Burials
Printed Registers
Non-Parochial Anglican Records
Bishops Transcripts
Modern Transcripts
Events Abroad

MODULE 2
CHRISTENING/BAPTISM
The Records
Meanings of Terms
Churching & Chrisoms
Godparents
Age at Baptism
Adult Baptisms
First Born Children
Same Name Children
Record Family Sizes
Foundlings
Illegitimacy
Duplicate Christenings
Multiple Christenings
Christenings Abroad

MODULE 3
CONFIRMATION RECORDS

MARRIAGE RECORDS
Marriage Banns
The Banns Certificate
Banns & Marriage Records Different
Marriage Licences
Marriage Allegations
Marriage Bonds
Finding Marriage Licence Records
Espousal Books
Marriage Registers
Prohibited Degrees for Marriage
Information on Post 1754 Marriage Record
Marriage Announcements
Marriage in the Bride’s Parish
Remarriage
Chapelries of Mother Parish
Marriage Transcripts
Marriages Abroad
Annulment & Divorce
Ecclesiastical Divorce
Practical Solutions for Average People
Civil Divorce

MODULE 4
BURIAL RECORDS
Where Buried
When Did He or She Die?
Certificate of Registry of Death
Burials Abroad
Information in Church Records
Unknown Persons
Death Date & Place
Burial Date & Place
Sexton’s Grave Books
Burial Plot Deeds & Records
Ages
Children
Residence
Non-Parishioners
Relationships
Occupation
Status
Character Testimonials
Cause of Death
Inquests & Coroners
Violent Deaths
Anglican Rites
Burial in Woollen
Entries with No Affidavit
Burials with No Shroud
Burial Taxes
Funeral Accounts
Resurrection Men
Some Odd Burials
Duplicate Burials
Monumental Inscriptions

MODULE 5
OTHER ITEMS IN REGISTERS
Affidavits
Briefs
Charitable Donations
Churchwardens Presentments
Comments on the Parishioners
Correspondence with the Vicar
Customary Fees
Glebe Terriers
Historical Announcements
Lists of Churchwardens
List of Excommunicated & Absolved
Local Agriculture & Economy Notes
Militia Lists
Perambulations of the Parish Bounds
Purchase & Condition of the Registers
Receipts
Relevant Acts of Parliament
Renovations of Church Buildings
Repair of Local Roads
Severe Weather
Signatures of Churchwardens
Tithes
Efficient Use of Others’ Films

MODULE 6
INDEXES
The IGI
Boyd’s Indexes
The Pallot Marriage and Baptism Indexes
County CMB Indexes
Online Parish Clerks
GRO Indexes of CMB
Marriage Licence Allegation Indexes
National Burial Index
Monumental Inscription Indexes
Other Indexes
Scotlands People
Finding the Records
Transcripts
Banns Books & Marriage Licences
Finding the Right Parish
Lists of Ancestral Names & Places
Ordering the Right Microform
Searching the Records
Efficient Reading of Church Records
Parish Registers on the Welsh Border
Effective Recording Techniques
Photocopying Ancestral Items
Photography

RELIABILITY OF INFORMATION
Errors in Parish Registers
Omissions from Parish Registers
Forgery in Parish Registers
Errors in Reading
Events in Chapelries & Other Parishes

CONCLUSION

REFERENCES & FURTHER READING
Course image English: Probate Records
Basic English Records
Course Summary:

This course examines some aspects related to English probate records. The most important probate documents are wills, inventories, administrations, guardianships, and Death Duty Registers.

Wills are a valuable source for genealogists because they usually mention family members, sometimes two or three generations. They're often the best or only means of verifying a family tree compiled from civil registration, census, or parish registers.

This course also offers suggestions and tips when using FamilySearch and other websites who hold documents and how to interpret the documentation you find.
Contact Hours: 18
Grading Scale: 70% Tests/30% Assignments
Last Updated: November 20, 2023
Course Length: 7 weeks
Course Content

MODULE 1 

INTRODUCTION

FamilySearch

Introduction to Probate Records


MODULE 2

WILLS

Making a Will

  • Who Could Make a Will?
  • How and when was a Will made?
  • Nuncupative Wills
  • Revocation by Marriage

Contents of a Will

  • The Preamble
  • The Text and Any Codicils

Types of Legacies

  • Executors, Trustees & Overseers
  • Attestation & Witnessing
  • Codicils
  • Evidence from Witnesses

Probate Act or Grant of Probate

  • After the Probate
  • Encumbered Estates
  • Lapsed Legacies

Reading Wills

  • Valuations of Estates

Recording the Contents of a Will

  • Transcribing & Abstracting

Longest & Shortest Wills

Expect Surprises!

Other Laws Affecting Wills

 

MODULE 3

ADMINISTRATIONS

When is an Administration Needed?

Who Can Be an Administrator?

Procedure for Administration

Intestacy Rules

What Records Were Kept?

Information in an Administration

Probate & Administration + Will

 

MODULE 4

PROBATE MATERIALS

Other Probate Materials

  • Non-Deposited Probate Records
  • Probate Accounts

Disputes over the Validity of a Will

 

MODULE 5

FINDING PROBATES

Locating Probate Records

What you need to start a search for a specific will

  • Finding Probates from 1858
  • Obtaining the Will and Probate
  • Finding Probates Before 1858
  • How to Find the Right “Chain” of Courts
  • Church Court Records
  • Lower Courts (Peculiar, Dean, Archdeacon & Bishop)
  • Indexes and Where to Find Them
  • Prerogative Court of York
  • Prerogative Court of Canterbury
  • Other Will Collections
  • Other Sources

Reasons for Not Finding a Will

 

MODULE 6

DEATH DUTY RECORDS

Estate Duty Office Registers

  • Genealogical Value of Death Duties

Death Duty Records

  • Using Death Duty Abstracts

Isle Of Man & Channel Islands Probate

  • Channel Island Probate

Welsh Wills

Conclusion

Additional Reading